Methylene Blue description, usages, side effects, indications, overdosage, supplying and lots more!

Methylene Blue

American Regent, Inc.

  • Description
  • Clinical Pharmacology
  • Indications & Usage
  • Contraindications
  • Warnings
  • Precautions
  • Side Effects
  • Overdosage
  • Dosage & Administration
  • How Supplied
  • Patient Counseling Information
  • Supplemental Patient Material
  • Boxed Warning
  • Patient Package Insert



FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

FOR SLOW INTRAVENOUS ADMINISTRATION

Rx Only

Methylene Blue Injection, USP is a sterile solution of Phenothiazin-5-ium, 3, 7-bis (dimethylamino)-, chloride, trihydrate. Each mL contains methylene blue, 10 mg in water for injection q.s. pH adjusted with hydrochloric acid and/or sodium hydroxide when necessary.

The structural formula is:

The molecular formula is:

C16H18ClN3S • 3H2O                                                      MW 373.90

Methylene blue will produce two opposite actions on hemoglobin. Low concentrations will convert methemoglobin to hemoglobin. High concentrations convert the ferrous iron of reduced hemoglobin to ferric iron which results in the formation of methemoglobin.

Methylene blue is metabolized in the body to leukomethylene blue which is excreted primarily in the urine..  Some unchanged drug is also excreted in the urine.(1)

Drug-induced methemoglobinemia.

Methylene blue can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman.  An association exists between the use of methylene blue in amniocentesis and atresia of the ileum and jejunum, ileal occlusions and other adverse effects in the neonate. (2,3)  Methylene blue is contraindicated in women who are or may become pregnant.  If this drug is used during pregnancy, or if the patient becomes pregnant while taking this drug, the patient should be apprised of the potential hazard to the fetus.

Intraspinal and subcutaneous injections are contraindicated.

Methylene blue is contraindicated in patients with a known hypersensitivity to the drug.

Methylene blue should not be given by subcutaneous or intrathecal injection.

Methylene blue is a potent monoamine oxidase inhibitor:  Methylene blue has been demonstrated to be a potent monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) and may cause potentially fatal serotonin toxicity (serotonin syndrome) when combined with serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs).(4) (See DRUG INTERACTIONS.) Serotonin toxicity is characterized by development of neuromuscular hyperactivity (tremor, clonus, myoclonus and hyperreflexia, and, in the advanced stage, pyramidal rigidity); autonomic hyperactivity (diaphoresis, fever, tachycardia, tachypnoea, and mydriasis); and altered mental status (agitation, excitement, and in the advanced stage, confusion). If methylene blue is judged to be indicated, SRIs must be ceased, prior to treatment/procedure/surgery.

Methylene blue may interact with any drug that acts as a serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SRI) including, amongst others, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), norepinephrine-dopamine reuptake inhibitors (NDRIs), triptans and ergot alkaloids; such combinations may have the consequence of potentially fatal serotonin toxicity (serotonin syndrome). Methylene blue should not be co-administered with any drug that acts as an SRI.

Pregnancy Category X:  Epidemiologic evidence exists that Methylene blue is a teratogen.  An association exists between the use of methylene blue in amniocentesis and atresia of the ileum and jejunum, ileal occlusions and other adverse effects in the neonate. (2,3)  Methylene blue Injection should not be administered to pregnant women during amniocentesis due to the risk of teratogenicity and other newborn adverse effects (see CONTRAINDICATIONS).

Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency (G6PD Deficiency)

Methylene blue should be avoided in patients with G6PD deficiency due to the risk of paradoxical methemoglobinemia and hemolysis.(5,6)

Renal Failure

Methylene blue should be used with caution in patients with severe renal impairment (see CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY).

Methylene blue must be injected intravenously very slowly over a period of several minutes to prevent local high concentration of the compound from producing additional methemoglobin.  Do not exceed recommended dosage.

Large intravenous doses of methylene blue produce nausea, abdominal and precordial pain, dizziness, headache, profuse sweating, mental confusion and the formation of methemoglobin.

0.1 to 0.2 mL per kg body weight (0.045 to 0.09 mL per pound body weight). Inject methylene blue intravenously very slowly over a period of several minutes.

Methylene blue must be injected intravenously very slowly over a period of several minutes to prevent local high concentration of the compound from producing additional methemoglobin.  Do not exceed recommended dosage.

Parenteral drug products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discoloration, whenever solution and container permit.

Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F); excursions permitted to 15° to 30°C (59° to 86°F) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature).

NDC 0517-0301-10 10 mg/mL 1 mL Single Dose Vial packed in a box of 10.
NDC 0517-0310-10 10 mg/mL 10 mL Single Dose Vial packed in a box of 10.
NDC 0517-0372-71 10 mg/mL 1 mL Ampule packed in a box of 25.
NDC 0517-0373-70 10 mg/mL 10 mL Ampule packed in a box of 25.
  • DiSanto AR, Wagner JG. Pharmacokinetics of highly ionized drugs II: methylene blue – absorption, metabolism, and excretion in man and dog after oral administration. J Pharm Sci. 1972;61:1086-1090
  • Cragan JD. Teratogen update: methylene blue. Teratology. 1999;60:42-48.
  • Kidd SA, Lancaster PA, Anderson JC, Boogert A, Fisher CC, Robertson R et al. Fetal death after exposure to methylene blue dye during mid-trimester amniocentesis in twin pregnancy. Prenat Diagn. 1996;16:39-47.
  • Ramsay RR, Dunford C, Gillman PK. Methylene blue and serotonin toxicity: inhibition of monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) confirms a theoretical prediction. Br J Pharmacol. 2007;152:946-51.
  • Beutler E. G6PD Deficiency. Blood. 1994;84:3613-3636
  • Youngster I. Arcavi L. Schechmaster R. Akayzen Y, Popliski H, Shimonov J, Beig S, Berkovitch M. Medications and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency: an evidence-based review. Drug Saf. 2010;33:713-726

IN0372

Rev. 3/11

MG# 14080

AMERICAN
REGENT, INC.
SHIRLEY, NY 11967

PRINCIPLE DISPLAY PANEL –  1 mL Container

NDC 0517-0301-10

METHYLENE BLUE INJECTION, USP

1% (10 mg/mL)

1 mL SINGLE DOSE VIAL

FOR SLOW IV ADMINISTRATION

Rx Only

AMERICAN REGENT, INC.

SHIRLEY, NY11967

PRINCIPLE DISPLAY PANEL –  10 mL Container

NDC 0517-0310-10

METHYLENE BLUE INJECTION, USP

1% (10 mg/mL)

10 mL SINGLE DOSE VIAL

FOR SLOW INTRAVENOUS ADMINISTRATION

Rx Only

AMERICAN REGENT, INC.

SHIRLEY, NY 11967

PRINCIPLE DISPLAY PANEL –  1 mL Container

NDC 0517-0372-71

METHYLENE BLUE INJECTION, USP

1% (10 mg/mL)

1 mL AMPULE

FOR SLOW INTRAVENOUS ADMINISTRATION

Rx Only

Store at 20° to 25°C (68° to 77°F) (See USP Controlled Room Temperature).

AMERICAN REGENT, INC.

SHIRLEY, NY 11967

Rev. 11/05

PRINCIPLE DISPLAY PANEL –  10 mL Container

NDC 0517-0373-70

METHYLENE BLUE INJECTION, USP

1% (10 mg/mL)

10 mL AMPULE

FOR SLOW INTRAVENOUS ADMINISTRATION

Rx Only

AMERICAN

REGENT, INC.

SHIRLEY, NY 11967

Methylene Blue

Methylene Blue INJECTION, SOLUTION

Product Information

Product Type Human prescription drug label Item Code (Source) NDC:0517-0301
Route of Administration INTRAVENOUS DEA Schedule

Active Ingredient/Active Moiety

Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
Methylene Blue 10 mg

Inactive Ingredients

Ingredient Name Strength
HYDROCHLORIC ACID
SODIUM HYDROXIDE
water

Packaging

# Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
1 1 in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-DOSE
2 NDC:0517-0301-10 10 in 1 TRAY

Marketing Information

Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
1990-09-30


Methylene Blue

Methylene Blue INJECTION, SOLUTION

Product Information

Product Type Human prescription drug label Item Code (Source) NDC:0517-0310
Route of Administration INTRAVENOUS DEA Schedule

Active Ingredient/Active Moiety

Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
Methylene Blue 10 mg

Inactive Ingredients

Ingredient Name Strength
HYDROCHLORIC ACID
SODIUM HYDROXIDE
water

Packaging

# Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
1 10 in 1 VIAL, SINGLE-DOSE
2 NDC:0517-0310-10 10 in 1 TRAY

Marketing Information

Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
1990-09-30


Methylene Blue

Methylene Blue INJECTION, SOLUTION

Product Information

Product Type Human prescription drug label Item Code (Source) NDC:0517-0372
Route of Administration INTRAVENOUS DEA Schedule

Active Ingredient/Active Moiety

Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
Methylene Blue 10 mg

Inactive Ingredients

Ingredient Name Strength
HYDROCHLORIC ACID
SODIUM HYDROXIDE
water

Packaging

# Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
1 1 in 1 AMPULE
2 NDC:0517-0372-71 25 in 1 BOX

Marketing Information

Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
1990-09-30


Methylene Blue

Methylene Blue INJECTION, SOLUTION

Product Information

Product Type Human prescription drug label Item Code (Source) NDC:0517-0373
Route of Administration INTRAVENOUS DEA Schedule

Active Ingredient/Active Moiety

Ingredient Name Basis of Strength Strength
Methylene Blue 10 mg

Inactive Ingredients

Ingredient Name Strength
HYDROCHLORIC ACID
SODIUM HYDROXIDE
water

Packaging

# Item Code Package Description Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
1 10 in 1 AMPULE
2 NDC:0517-0373-70 25 in 1 BOX

Marketing Information

Marketing Category Application Number or Monograph Citation Marketing Start Date Marketing End Date
1990-09-30


PLEASE, BE CAREFUL!
Be sure to consult your doctor before taking any medication!
Copyright © 2014. drugs-library.com. All rights reserved. Information on drugs-library.com is provided for educational purposes only and is not to be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Support info@drugs-library.com.